Kalaripayattu (pronounced Kalarippayatt) is a martial art and fighting system, which originated as a style in tamilakam, southern India (North Malabar). The word kalari first appears in the Tamil Sangam literature (c. 300 BCE to 300 CE) to describe a battlefield, as well as a combat arena; in practice, the term kalari tatt denoted a martial feat, while kalari kozhai meant a coward in war. Each warrior in the Sangam era received regular military training. It is considered to be one of the oldest surviving fighting systems still in existence in the world. Although originally practiced in Kerala, it also practisied by southern parts of Tamil Nadu.